5 Sustainable Pest Control Strategies for Farming & Agriculture

Farming or agriculture is one of the most important professions globally, and the economies of many countries run on it. Like any other profession, farming also has specific challenges and complexities that have to be faced.

One of the major issues that homesteaders have to deal with is pests. Pests can damage and ruin crops, and they can cause a significant financial loss. These pests can also bring many plant diseases with them that can wipe away your crops if you aren’t careful.

And a significant part of the problem is that many small-time farmers and gardeners don’t have enough knowledge about pests and different pest control strategies that they can use.

Today, we will discuss some basic and simple pest control techniques applicable both in your small garden and on a large-scale field. Check them out below:

1. Using Pesticides to Get Rid of Pests

The most common and effective method of getting rid of pests is to use pesticides and insecticides. I understand that these pesticides have certain poisonous chemicals to kill pests and keep them from coming back.

But, the natural and organic pest control methods you use in your small garden can’t really work on a large-scale crop field. These pesticides are not harmful to humans if proper instructions for their use are followed.

Agricultural experts suggest that crop production should not be harvested or consumed for at least two weeks after a pesticide spray. If you follow the advice, then you don’t have anything to worry about.

You should also remember to use pesticides at the right time. If you use them near the harvesting season, you can end up losing a lot of valuable products. 

2. Using Pest Repellents to Keep the Pest Away

Using pest repellants is a very effective pest control strategy that is applicable in both large scale crop fields and smaller gardens. The basic idea of using pest repellants is to keep the pests away in the first place.

You can use both chemical and organic pest repellants, but in the case of larger crop fields, using chemical pest repellants is a more viable option. 

The advantage of using chemical pest repellants instead of pesticides is that you can spray the crops when they are quite small, which allows the final product to be less affected by pests and the chemicals in pesticides.

For your home garden, you can use natural pest repellants like garlic and basil plants that keep certain pests away. You can also sprinkle baking soda or boric acid around your garden to keep the crawling pests at bay. 

3. Promote the Growth of Plant-Friendly Insects

If you want to maintain a garden or grow a large-scale crop field, you need to know how to identify different pests and insects.

It is essential because it will allow you to identify any pest infestations in their initial stage. It will also make you figure out which pests are actually suitable for your garden or crops.

Though this concept does apply to large-scale crops, it is more beneficial for smaller gardens. Certain insects and pests like spiders, toads, and wasps can be helpful for your garden.

Spiders and toads feed on the dangerous pests that can damage your garden, so if they are present in your garden, most pests will naturally stay away. 

Bees are responsible for almost 90% of urban pollination, which is why they are essential for your garden. Ladybugs are another insect that can prove to be very beneficial for a garden.

These colorful insects feed on many small pests like mites, and they don’t damage your plants either. Therefore, try to maximize the population of these pests in your garden, as they will help you get rid of the harmful ones. 

4. Use Traps to Keep Pests Away

Another effective pest control strategy that is mostly used in small gardens and fruit grooves is pest traps. These traps can be quite an effective solution if you want to keep your garden organic.

When you use any form of pest killing or pest repelling methods, they usually get rid of the small problems, but they can’t counter unwanted intruders like mice and snakes. 

Mice can ruin your products and your plants. An effective way to get rid of mice is to use mouse traps. You can also use a zapping light to get rid of some flying pests like mosquitoes and flies. Snakes, on the other hand, don’t really damage your plants, but they are still very dangerous.

The majority of snake bites in cities happen when people are gardening. The environment of the gardens is very attractive to snakes, and if you live in an area like Florida, which is known to have some dangerous snakes, you should stay aware. 

An effective and safe way to get rid of snakes from your garden is using snake traps. These traps will catch the snakes and keep them away from the garden.

Remember, if you get to see a trapped snake; don’t approach it yourself, as it can be even more dangerous in such a situation. Call your local animal control service to get rid of the snake for you. 

5. Maintain Your Garden Regularly and Properly

If you want to have a successful and productive garden, you will need to put some effort into its maintenance. You should regularly get rid of unwanted weeds and keep an eye out for any pests.

When you buy some new plants or seeds for your garden, make sure that you check their quality.

Many pests can make their way into your garden through the unhealthy plants that are bought from unreliable sources. Apart from pests, many plant diseases can also enter your garden through low-quality plants or seeds. 

Maintaining your garden regularly and taking care of it can enable you to avoid most of these problems. So, put some time and effort into your garden and work hard, because, at the end of the day, it is the most critical feature of a successful farmer or gardener.